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Ostuni is one of Puglia’s most beautiful cities, a tumble of white-washed buildings perched strategically atop a hill.
It has views of the endless olive trees in the Valle d’Itria countryside and the glimmering Adriatic Sea just 8 km away, home to some of the region’s most exclusive resorts.
The medieval walled city was built without a plan, and it shows. The web of streets is confusing, a maze of alleyways, staircases and arches.
Buildings were built on top of each other, and the archways support the houses they connect, making up for the lack of strong foundations.
You turn one way and find a dead end, another and get a glimpse of the sapphire sea.
Puglia has seen a stream of invaders—Greeks, Romans, Goths, Byzantines, Normans—and the labyrinth of Ostuni is the perfect way to confuse the enemy.
The stark white buildings are dazzling in the southern sun and are brightened by vivid green and blue wooden doors, pots of red geraniums and cacti.
In the 17th century a plague killed millions in the area and infected houses were painted white by mixing limestone dust with water.
Locals noticed that there was less illness around the white houses and attributed it to a miracle; most likely it was the antibacterial effect of the calcium carbonate.
Nowadays the white houses attract tourists and the local government encourages everyone to repaint every two years by paying for half the cost.
The main street in Ostuni is lined with boutiques and souvenir shops selling local olive oil and Salentino sandals, but the best way to experience the town is by diving down the narrow side streets and like the invaders once did, getting lost.
We came across this craftsman in his workshop, making kitchen spoons out of olive wood. He’s been crafting them by hand for 40 years and was proud to show them off.
At Ostuni’s highest point you’ll find the Cathedral, built in the 15th century in the late Gothic style, rare in Puglia where most of the churches are austere Romanesque or ornate Baroque.
Its graceful lines lead to the sky and there’s a magnificent rose window with Christ at the centre surrounded by 24 finely carved columns representing the hours of the day.
We visited on a Saturday, Ostuni’s market day. It’s very much a local place—most tourists don’t make it here on the edge of town—and is foodie heaven.
We browsed the stalls of bulbous round cucumbers, fresh almonds in brine, dried figs, piles of walnuts, aromatic bunches of oregano, twin balls of caciocavallo cheese dangling from string, trays of snails, entire octopus, and mounds of vibrant red chiles, sweet and spicy, round, bell-shaped and long.
One vendor encouraged us to try his home-made taralli, crunchy bread stick rings that are a typical local snack. He had them in all different flavours including fennel, chile, onion, pizza, and bacon.
We also tried lupini for the first time, a yellow bean pickled in brine that you eat by piercing the skin with your teeth and pushing the bean into your mouth.
We were amazed by the variety of fresh local produce on offer and at such low prices—most things were under €1 a kilo, grapes were €0.50 a kilo, and giant watermelon just €0.25 a kilo. We wished we were staying longer and had a kitchen to take advantage of the riches.
Where is Ostuni in Italy?
Ostuni is located in the heart of Puglia, a region in southern Italy (the heel of the boot).
It’s in the province of Brindisi and the port city of Brindisi is 42km away (about a 30 minute drive). This is also where the nearest airport is located.
Bari (north of Ostuni) and Lecce (south) are both about a one hour drive away.
The trulli town of Alberobello is a 40 minute drive from Ostuni.
How to Get to Ostuni
Ostuni is best reached by car so that you’ll have your own transport to visit the nearby beaches and hill towns.
That said, parking can be a challenge. The historic centre is on a steep hill and the car parks are located at the bottom. If you want to be able to park right outside your accommodation, it’s best to stay just outside the centre.
Visiting Ostuni by public transport is possible with some patience. It’s on the Trenitalia train line with direct connections to Bari, Polignano a Mare, Monopoli, Cisternino, Brindisi, and Lecce.
The train station is a 30 minute walk from the historic centre of Ostuni, though.
Where to Stay in Ostuni
In the Countryside Near Ostuni
If you have a car, staying in a masseria (fortified farmhouse) in the surrounding countryside is a wonderful option. On our last visit we stayed at Masseria Il Frantoio, a 500-year-old organic olive farm 10 minutes outside Ostuni, and it was magical.
The old stables and grain mill have been lovingly restored and converted to 16 comfortable guest rooms.
The beautiful grounds and pool are perfect for relaxing and the tasting menus using produce and oil from the farm are incredible. Read more about it in our Masseria Il Frantoio review.
In The Centre of Ostuni
If you want to stay in the centre of Ostuni, Biancadamari is a stylish B&B with stunning views of the old town and sea.
La Città Bianca, the white city of Ostuni, is one of Puglia’s highlights and shouldn’t be missed on a trip to this beautiful region of Italy.
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