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In Matera Italy you’ll spend a lot of time in caves. You’ll sleep in a cave, eat in a cave, drink an aperitivo in a cave, and even view modern sculpture in a cave.
The ancient neighbourhoods, known as sassi, are a series of grottoes carved out of limestone, teetering on the edge of a ravine.
This southern Italian city is one of the most unique and spectacular places we’ve visited in Italy or anywhere in the world.
For years Matera wasn’t well known to foreign visitors, but that has been changing since it became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1993, a European Capital of Culture in 2019, and the 2021 James Bond film No Time to Die was filmed here.
While visitor numbers have grown and many of the caves have been transformed into stylish hotels and restaurants, Matera still has an undiscovered air and far fewer tourists than further north.
In this post I share the best things to do in Matera, where to stay and eat, how to get there, and a map with all the top attractions.
- Video: Explore Matera Italy
- Matera Travel Tips and Facts
- What to Do in Matera
- Where to Stay in Matera
- Where to Eat in Matera
- How to Get to Matera
- Matera Italy Map
- Is Matera Italy Worth Visiting?
- More Italy Posts
Update 2022: Green Pass No Longer Required
As of 1 May 2022, a Green Pass (showing proof of vaccination or a negative test) is no longer required in Italy.
Masks are still required until 15 June in some places including on public transport, in cinemas and theatres, and at concerts and indoor sporting events.
I also recommend making sure that your travel insurance covers COVID-19 medical expenses. We use Heymondo travel insurance, which is available worldwide and includes cancellation cover (in case you contract Covid before travel) and quarantine.
Video: Explore Matera Italy
Matera Travel Tips and Facts
Where is Matera Italy?
Matera is located in a remote corner of southern Italy in the small region Basilicata.
The nearest airport is 65km (40 miles) away in Bari in the neighbouring Puglia region.
We recommend combining a trip to Matera with Puglia, which has many beautiful towns and beaches—discover the best places to visit in Puglia.
Matera is 250km (155 miles) or a 3-hour drive from Naples.
Below you’ll find more details on how to get to Matera.
How Old is the City of Matera Italy?
Matera is one of the oldest continuously inhabited settlements in history dating back to the Palaeolithic period.
On the other side of the ravine from the sassi, you can see the simple forms of the Neolithic caves where people lived 7000 years ago.
What is Matera Known For?
Matera is known as the city of caves with spectacular scenery, stylish cave hotels, and a fascinating history.
It wasn’t always a desirable location, though.
Until the 1950s, Matera was a source of shame for Italy. It was a place of poverty, malaria, and high rates of infant mortality, where people lived in caves without electricity, running water, or sewage.
Carlo Levi’s book Christ Stopped at Eboli, published in 1945, raised awareness of the desperate conditions people were living in.
About half of the 30,000 population were moved to new homes in the modern part of the city between 1953 and 1968.
How Many Days Do You Need in Matera?
Matera is very walkable and you can get a good sense of the sassi with one day in Matera.
Some people visit on a day trip from Puglia. While this is doable, I recommend staying for at least two nights.
Matera is such a special place that it’s worth at least two days to soak up the atmosphere, see the city lit up at night, and enjoy some delicious meals.
What to Pack for a Matera Trip
I recommend packing as lightly as possible. If you stay in the sassi of Matera you won’t be able to park nearby and will likely need to carry your luggage up the many steep staircases.
If you are driving, it’ll be easier if you leave most of your lugagge in the car and take a small backpack to your hotel.
Some hotels may be able to help with luggage or provide a valet parking service—check with them in advance.
The best way to explore Matera is on foot so comfortable shoes are essential.
Our carry on packing list has everything we pack for our full-time travels.
What to Do in Matera
Stay in a Matera Cave Hotel
One of the most unique things about Matera is the large number of cave hotels and B&Bs. Staying in one really adds to the magical experience of visiting the city.
On our last visit we stayed at Bed and Breakfast La Corte dei Pastori in the heart of the old sassi. We loved the atmospheric rooms, gorgeous views, delicious breakfast, and friendly hosts.
See the Where to Stay in Matera section below for more details.
Wander and Get Lost
The best thing to do in Matera is wander and get lost in the incredible streets.
Although we preferred exploring alone, it could be worthwhile visiting with a guide to learn more about Matera’s history.
If you don’t want to walk, the only option is this tour in an Ape, an open-sided tuk-tuk.
From Matera’s train station we walked through the modern city of Baroque churches and graceful palaces.
The first glimpse of the sassi (the stones) stops you in your tracks, looking down at the dramatic tangle of grey stone houses; a contrast with the elegance of the new town.
Walking down a steep staircase we plunged into the magical world that doesn’t quite feel real.
Buildings climb up and down the hillside, houses piled on top of each other, the roofs of some acting as streets for those above.
They were carved out of the rock and the original caves extended with facades that look like normal homes.
The best way to explore the neighbourhoods Sasso Barisano and Sasso Caveoso is on foot.
Roam through the labyrinth of narrow alleyways, up and down uneven stone staircases, discovering dead ends and tiny courtyards adorned with flower pots, cave churches and expansive views of the sassi.
Visit Cave Churches
One of the Matera highlights is the many chiese rupestre, churches that have been carved out of the soft tufa rock. Many of them contain ancient frescoes.
Some cave churches to visit include Santa Maria de Idris, which sits high on top of a rock, and San Pietro Barisano, the largest rupestrian church, which dates back to the 12th century.
Explore the Uninhabited Caves of Sasso Caveoso
Most of the caves in Matera are now homes, hotels, restaurants, and bars.
But on the edge of town in Sasso Caveoso you can wander through uninhabited caves and get a sense of what it was like to live here years ago.
It’s the rawer side of town, and for us, the most fascinating.
Learn Matera’s History at Casa Noha
A good first stop in Matera is Casa Noha, where you can watch a 30-minute film about Matera’s history.
Casa Noha is open every day except Wednesdays from 10am to 7pm (5pm in winter). Entrance is €6.
Admire Sculptures at MUSMA
MUSMA (Museum of Contemporary Sculpture) is an art museum with modern sculptures scattered in the nooks and crannies of a 17th-century cave palace.
It’s an extraordinary setting and worth a visit even if you aren’t into modern art.
MUSMA is open from Tuesday to Sundays (closed Mondays) from 10am to 8pm (until 6pm in winter). Entrance is €7.
Head Back in Time at Casa Grotta di Vico Solitario
Located in Sasso Caveoso, the Casa Grotta di Vico Solitario is a typically furnished cave dwelling where you can see how people lived in these caves in the 18th century.
It’s touristy and gets crowded with tour groups, but it’s still worth seeing for an insight into life in the sassi.
The entire family (on average six members) including animals like mules, chickens, and pigs lived together in the cave. You can see the typical furnishings, tools and other artefacts of the time.
Casa Grotta di Vico Solitario is open every day from 9.30am to 8pm. Entrance is €3.
Walk into the Ravine
It looks daunting, but the walk down into the ravine and the return back up isn’t too difficult. Try to go early or late to avoid the midday heat, though, and take plenty of water.
This whole area is part of the protected Parco della Murgia Materana.
It’s quiet in the ravine and you get another perspective of the city looming above.
You can find the trail down at Porta Pistola. At the bottom you cross a river and then choose from the many trails that crisscross the hillside.
If we’d had more time, we would have walked up to the other side of the ravine. The views back across to Matera are best at Belvedere Murgia Timone. The walk here takes about two hours. There are a number of rupestrian churches nearby carved out of the rock.
If you don’t feel like hiking, you can reach the viewpoint by car—it’s a 15-minute drive from Matera Centrale train station. It would be stunning at sunset.
You can also explore the cave churches on this guided tour to Murgia Park.
Where to Stay in Matera
The most atmospheric and welcoming places to stay in Matera are cave hotels and B&Bs.
B&B La Corte dei Pastori
On our last trip, we stayed at Bed and Breakfast La Corte dei Pastori run by the friendly young couple Tiziana and Mimmo.
We stayed in the largest room with a spacious living area with a couch, table and fridge, and a bedroom at the other end.
It’s been lovingly restored with an arched ceiling from rustic creamy stone and the decor is kept simple with just some lovely details like a carving of the city along the wall.
The cave is cool inside but doesn’t feel damp. There’s good WiFi and the bathroom has a powerful rain shower and is decorated with a colourful mural of the Basilicata countryside.
The best thing about the B&B is the location, right next to San Pietro Caveoso church on the edge of the ravine, with wonderful views of the sassi through the glass door in our room and from their terrace.
I don’t think we’ve ever eaten breakfast in a more scenic location, and the food is delicious—a big spread of focaccia, bread, jams, croissants, biscuits, yoghurt, fruit, juice, and coffee, far more than we could eat.
Other Matera Cave Hotels
Don’t miss out on staying in a Matera cave hotel.
Where to Eat in Matera
The food in Matera is on a par with our favourite Italian food in neighbouring Puglia and uses lots of fresh seasonal vegetables.
You’ll find the same huge plates of antipasti as well as orecchiette pasta and fava bean puree with chicory. Look out for delicious bread, too.
We ate at two restaurants very close to our B&B and recommend them both.
Ristorante Francesca is a classy cave restaurant with a contemporary twist from the modern lampshades and purple chairs.
We shared the five antipasti of the house plate which changes daily. It’s more creative and refined than your usual antipasti.
We had a zucchini flower tortino, melanzana parmigiana, fava bean puree with chicory, bread balls in a tomato sauce, and figs stuffed with orange ricotta and mint.
We followed that with orecchiette with fave bean puree and mushrooms.
Trattoria del Caveoso
Trattoria del Caveoso is a simpler, less expensive restaurant, but the food is still excellent.
The antipasti plate was delicious and varied, and there was a good choice of vegetarian pasta dishes.
We had orecchiette with cherry tomatoes, caciocavallo cheese and rocket, and cavatelli with the local dried red chiles, caciocavallo and fried bread.
We even got a complimentary limoncello after our meal.
How to Get to Matera
Matera by Plane
The nearest airport to Matera is 65km away in Bari, Puglia (airport code BRI).
On both of our trips, Bari was our access point—there’s a major train station and an airport served by budget airlines.
From the airport you can hire a car or take the airport shuttle bus. The Pugliairbus takes 1 hour 15 minutes from Bari airport to Matera. It costs €6.
You can also arrange a private transfer from the airport to Matera.
Matera by Car
From Bari you can also hire a car—either from the airport if arriving by plane or from the centre if arriving by train.
This is the best option if you are planning to tour Puglia as well as visit Matera.
Parking and navigating the streets in Matera can be tricky, but we have managed it before.
Once you are in Matera you don’t really need a car unless you want to visit some of the attractions further afield. The city is fairly small and walkable, as long as you can deal with the many staircases.
I use Rental Cars to search for the best deals.
Where Can I Park in Matera Italy?
The biggest problem with travelling to Matera by car is that you are not allowed to park in the sassi or historic centre unless you have a permit.
For most of the day it’s not even possible to drive into the ZTL (Limited Traffic Zone).
It’s best to ask your accommodation in advance where to park. In some cases you might be able to drop off your luggage and then go to park your car outside the centre.
Driving in the sassi is quite stressful, though, so I’d avoid it if possible.
One of the nearest car parks to the sassi is Parcheggio Nicoletti Michele, which costs €15 a day.
It’s privately run and you need to leave your keys with them, but it gets good reviews. From there it’s a 10 minute walk to the B&B we stayed in.
A cheaper parking spot is Parcheggio Via Saragat, a large car park that costs €0.50 per hour.
It’s a 25 minute walk from the car park to our B&B or you can take the Linea Sassi bus from outside.
This bus runs every 30 minutes right into the sassi and ends at Piazza San Pietro Caveoso. You can buy tickets on board for €1.50.
Matera by Train
Taking the train avoids parking hassles. The train from Bari to Matera is run by a private company and is a slow commuter train that doesn’t run on Sundays.
You can see the timetable on the Ferrovie Appulo Lucane website. Tickets cost €5.10 each way and it takes at least 1.5 hours.
Trains leave from the FAL station next to the main station in Bari.
From Matera Centrale station you can walk to the sassi in about 15 minutes (which is what we did) or take the Linea Sassi bus.
To travel by train from elsewhere in Italy to Matera, you will have to change in Bari.
Matera Italy Map
Is Matera Italy Worth Visiting?
Yes, Matera is absolutely worth visiting! Matera is truly special—it has a spectacular setting, fascinating history, and excellent cuisine. It’s as beautiful as many cities in Italy but far less crowded.
More Italy Posts
Read our other posts to help you plan your Italy trip.
- 12 Towns Not To Miss in Puglia
- The Ultimate Guide to Lecce
- Eating in Italy: Dos and Don’ts
- 29 Unusual Things to Do in Rome to Escape the Crowds
- Hiking the Path of the Gods (and Visiting Amalfi Coast on a Budget)
- 16 Unmissable Things to Do in Bologna
- 12 Best Places to Visit in Western Sicily
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